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Buying Used Trucks in El Paso TX

Difference Between All-Wheel Drive Vehicle, 4x4 Vehicles, And 2WD Vehicles

The most confusing thing for people who are buying a truck (or any vehicle) for the first time, is understanding the difference between all-wheel drive vehicles (AWD), four-wheel drive vehicles (4WD), and two-wheel drive vehicles (2WD). Each driving type is different from the other and has certain benefits. Knowing the difference between these driving types could make your decision of choosing the ideal vehicle for your needs a lot easier.

Balmir Motors USA offers a range of used trucks in el Paso, inclusive of Nissan Frontiers, Gmc Colorados, Ram 1500,etc., along with other vehicles like Chevrolet Cruze, Ford Edge, Honda Accord, that come in different driving systems. We advise you to read this article till the end before settling on a vehicle, as it’ll answer all your questions regarding different driving types.

Two-Wheel Drive

Most passenger vehicles that we see on the road come with a standard two-wheel-drive (2WD). This means that the engine powers two of the vehicle’s wheels while the other two spin. Since the engine’s energy is used to move only two wheels, the overall load on the engine is less in comparison to four-wheel drive or all-wheel drive systems. Thus, making your vehicle fuel-efficient.

Two-wheel vehicles are either step up for a rear-wheel drive or front-wheel drive, which means that the power is intentionally directed to the back or front wheels, depending on the step up. Below is a brief overview of both systems.

Types of 2WD systems

Front-Wheel drive

  • It’s common for most passenger vehicles
  • Reduces the vehicle’s total weight
  • Better fuel economy
  • Better traction on hills and slippery roads
  • Prevents tire spinning on snowy and icy streets

Rear-Wheel Drive

  • Found mostly on sports and luxury cars and pickup trucks
  • Provides a quicker initial acceleration
  • Vehicles with RWD have improved balance and overall performance because of even weight distribution
  • Suitable for dry conditions

Four-Wheel Drive

These types of systems are commonly built into trucks and other vehicles that are made for off-road driving or low-traction conditions. They have become increasingly popular in passenger vehicles that we have in our inventory like Buick Encore, Chevrolet Equinox, etc. In 4WD systems, the power is split between all four wheels. Thus, giving the driver, maximum traction and complete control on uneven terrains. A 4WD vehicle is suitable when you’re driving over rocks, climbing steep hills, or trying to get your vehicle out from a snowbank.

Types of 4WD systems


They operate on a full time, which means that all four wheels stay engaged at all times.

Part-time or Manual

They allow the driver to switch between two- and four-wheel drive systems, manually.


The vehicle automatically shifts between two- and four-wheel drive depending on the condition of the road.

All-wheel drive

Most people think that All wheel drive (AWD) and 4WD are the same, but we’re here to tell you that they are not. Although these terms are commonly used interchangeably, there is, in fact, some degree of difference. A 4WD is geared towards driving on rugged terrains and steep hills while an AWD is better suited to wet winter streets and other looser surfaces like sand and mud.

An AWD vehicle provides traction in all four of its vehicles. Let’s say two of your car wheels are stuck in mud or snow; the other two will still work to get your car unstuck. In most AWD vehicles, the system always stays on as it’s controlled by a computer that automatically shifts power to whichever wheels require it most. Thus, giving you added traction with no extra effort from your end.

So, there you have it, all the differences between AWD, 4WD, and 2WD. Before you purchase a used vehicle from Balmir Motors, be sure to check out the driving system, as each system comes with its advantages that can benefit you according to your needs.


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